The Tsuchiya family residence was once located in the Maedani district in the city of Awara. Tsuchiya was a village headman in the Edo Period. The residence is believed to have been built from the late Edo Period to the early Meiji Period. It has a hip-and-gable, and thatched roof construction. The earthen floor and wooden floor of the hall in the front of the house is divided in half by a beam, while the four rooms in the back (kuchi-no-ma room, living room, sitting room, and Buddhist altar room) are arranged like a square.